Sancy Diamond

 


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Description of the Sancy Diamond
The Sancy Diamond is one of the most famous diamonds in the world. It is currently displayed in the Apollo Gallery at the Louvre in Paris. The Sancy weighed 106 carats as a rough diamond and now weighs 55 carats after the cutting process. The Sancy diamond is pear-shaped being a "Pendeloque" or "Briolette" cut with a pale yellow color.

 

Origin of the name of the Sancy Diamond
The Sancy originated from India in Golconda where it belonged to various Indian rulers. The famous Sancy diamond came into the possession of Nicolas de Harlay, Seigneur de Sancy (1546-1629) a French soldier and diplomat and the stone became known as the Sancy Diamond.

 

History of the Sancy Diamond
Myths and legends surround the stone. It is of incredible value. The Sancy Diamond has been owned by some great Kings and Queens and seen the events of both the English Civil War and the French Revolution. Kings, Queens, Russian Princes, Millionaires and Maharajahs play a part in its history. A comprehensive history timeline documents the strange road that the Sancy has travelled...

 

The History Timeline of the Sancy Diamond
The following timeline & history of the Sancy details important historical events and dates:

Dates in History of the Sancy Timeline & History of Sancy Diamond
  The diamond originated from Golconda in India and was belonged to various Indian rulers
1400's

The Indian Ocean was the scene of thriving trade in the 14th and 15th centuries and during this time the diamond was believed to have gone to Europe

1467 About this time the diamond was acquired by Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy (1433 1477) Charles was the owner of a great jewel collection including the Florentine Diamond
1475 A Flemish polisher called Lodewyk (Louis) van Berquem of Brugge, Belgium discovered how to cut the facets of a diamond and is believed to have cut the diamond into its famous pear shape
1477 Charles the Bold, Duke of Burgundy lost possession of the diamond when he died at the Battle of Nancy after being defeated by Rene, Duke of Lorraine
1504 Rene, Duke of Lorraine succeeded as Count of Guise in 1504 and the diamond stayed in the possession of the French nobility
1500's The diamond came into the possession of Nicolas de Harlay, Seigneur de Sancy (1546-1629) a French soldier and diplomat and the stone became known as the Sancy Diamond
1589 In 1589 Sancy used jewels, including the Sancy diamond, as security to fund an army of mercenaries for King Henry III of France (1551 1589)
1572 Protestant Henry IV of Navarre (1553 1610) became King of France but came under attack by the Catholic League, strengthened by support from Spain. He was aided by money and troops by Elizabeth I of England.

1590's Nicolas de Harlay, Seigneur de Sancy, was the ambassador of Henry IV at the court of Queen Elizabeth I. He sold the Sancy Diamond to Queen Elizabeth.
1605 The sale of the Sancy diamond is confirmed in an Inventory of the Crown Jewels in the Tower of London on March 22nd, 1605 with the entry "One fayre dyamonde, cutt in fawcettes, bought of Sauncey"
1643 Henrietta Maria (1609 - 1666) married King Charles I of England (1600 - 1649) but was forced to go France in exile away from the troubles of the country and the English Civil War
1645 A letter from Henrietta Maria refers to giving a gift of the Sancy (referred to in the letter as the 'Sanci')  to Edward Somerset, Earl of Worcester who during this year was heavily involved in King Charles's scheme for obtaining military help from Catholic Ireland and Europe. The Sancy then disappeared during the terrible times when King Charles I was beheaded, Oliver Cromwell became Lord Protector and the restoration of the English monarchy and Charles II
1685 King James II (1633 - 1701) ascended the English throne following the death of Charles II. His short reign ended in 1688 when he went into exile in France. He had the Sancy diamond with him.
1695 The exiled James sold the Sancy diamond to King Louis XIV (1638 1715) of France for 625,000 francs and the Sancy diamond became part of the French Regalia (Crown Jewels)
1791 The Sancy appears in the inventory of the French regalia valued at 1,000,000 francs
1792 - August

The Sancy diamond was, with the rest of the French regalia, seized in August, 1792, and deposited in the Garde-Meuble (Royal Treasury) during the French Revolution

1792 - August

The Sancy diamond was, with the rest of the French regalia, seized in August, 1792, and deposited in the Garde-Meuble (Royal Treasury) during the French Revolution

1792 - September

In September the Crown Jewels, including the Sancy Diamond  were stolen when the Garde Meuble (Royal Treasury) was stormed by rioters. It disappeared for some years - some believe it went to Spain

1828 The Sancy Diamond was purchased by Prince Nicholas Demidoff (1773-1828) whose family owned silver mines in Russia. The Sancy stayed in the Demidoff family until 1865
1865 The Sancy was sold to Jamsetjee Jeejeebhoy, of Bombay and the stone returned to India
1867 The stone was sold to the Maharaja of Puttiala
1875

It was mentioned in the account of the Prince of Wales Tour in India (later King Edward VII)

1906

It was bought by William Waldorf Astor and was kept in his family for 72 years

1978

The 4th Viscount Astor sold it to the Louvre in 1978 where it is displayed in the Apollo Gallery

Timeline & History Timeline & History of the Sancy

History Timeline of the Sancy
The above history timeline of the diamond details important historical events and dates and the legends and myths that surround the diamond.

The Sancy Diamond
The above timeline & history details important historical events and dates. Fascinating information about the history of the Sancy stone providing comprehensive facts, information and timeline about the history of the famous diamond.
   
 

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Sancy Diamond

 

Information about the famous Sancy Diamond

Discover some fascinating information about the famous Sancy Diamond

  • Timeline & History of the Sancy
  • Facts and Information about the Sancy Diamond
  • Facts, History, Timeline and Information about the Sancy
  • History Timeline
  • The Sancy - one of the World's most famous diamonds
  • The History Timeline of the fabulous diamond
  • The History Timeline of the Stancy Diamond
  • Sancy Diamond - one of the World's most famous diamonds
 
 

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